Dr Foo Yoke Loong. -- Photo courtesy of SUNWAY Medical Centre Velocity
Dr Foo said cardiac angiosarcoma is hard to diagnose as it rarely occurs and also due to the absence of symptoms in the early stage of the disease. Most of the time, it is only identified after the patient’s symptoms grow severe and the disease has reached an advanced stage.
“Symptoms associated with cardiac angiosarcoma are breathing difficulty and tiredness when exercising or doing heavy work but then, these symptoms can be caused by other diseases as well,” he said.
Only when the tumour grows bigger and presses against the heart will the patient experience shortness of breath, swelling of the legs and chest pain that comes and goes, he added.
Dr Foo said cardiac angiosarcoma is not a hereditary disease and advised the public to go for regular health screenings.
As for the treatment of this cancer, he said it would depend on various factors such as the patient’s age, and the size and location of the tumour.
“If the tumour can be removed, then an open heart surgery will be required to get rid of the whole tumour and to prevent it from recurring. After that, the treatment will proceed with chemotherapy and radiotherapy,” he added.
Cardiac angiosarcoma patients may develop lesions on their scalp and neck area. -- Photograph for illustrative purposes. flathatnews.com
He also shared that while he was undergoing training to be a cardiologist, he treated a patient who had cardiac angiosarcoma.
“She came to the hospital when she experienced shortness of breath and symptoms of heart failure after her pregnancy. Unfortunately, she died because of the aggressive nature of this cancer,” he said.
He added that reports have indicated that patients diagnosed with cardiac angiosarcoma can live for 12 to 30 months if they undergo a combination of treatments such as surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy.
“Without any surgery, the patient may only have an average of four to seven months to live,” he added.
Dr Hafizah Zaharah. -- Photo courtesy of SUNWAY Medical Centre Velocity
Sunway Medical Centre Velocity consultant clinical oncologist Dr Hafizah Zaharah, meanwhile, shared her experience of treating a young patient who had angiosarcoma on the scalp.
“By the time it was diagnosed, the cancer was at a stage where surgery was not an option. The cancer earlier appeared as a wound on the scalp and later ulcerated. The patient then went through radiation and chemotherapy,” she said.
Being an aggressive form of cancer, cardiac angiosarcoma can spread fast and penetrate into the lining of the heart muscle, which disrupts blood flow to the heart and metastasises. This can lead to death,” she said.
Dr Hafizah said the cancer can be detected through various tests, including an echocardiogram, computed tomography (CT) scan and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), followed by a heart biopsy.
She said the echocardiogram test is used widely and that it is an easy and non-invasive way to make an early assessment of this cancer.
“It can also detect the presence of a mass or tumour and provide information to identify any obstruction to the circulatory system,” she added.
Translated by Rema Nambiar
Bernama is the trusted source of reliable real-time comprehensive and accurate news for both the public and media practitioners. Our news is published at www.bernama.com ; BERNAMA TV on: Astro Channel 502, unifi TV Channel 631, MYTV Channel 121 IFLIX; and Bernama Radio broadcasting locally on FM93.9 in Klang Valley, Johor (FM107.5), Kota Kinabalu (FM107.9) and Kuching (FM100.9).
Follow us on social media :
Facebook : @bernamaofficial, @bernamatv, @bernamaradio
Twitter : @bernama.com, @BernamaTV, @bernamaradio
Instagram : @bernamaofficial, @bernamatvofficial, @bernamaradioofficial
TikTok : @bernamaofficial
Source : https://www.bernama.com/en/features/news.php?id=2043971783